16 / 10 / 2017

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LAW SUIT FROM SEYED MAHMOUD JAFARI ,SOME FOR FLOOD IN USA

LAW SUIT FROM SEYED MAHMOUD JAFARI ,SOME FOR FLOOD IN USA

 

LAW SUIT FROM SEYED MAHMOUD JAFARI ,SOME FOR FLOOD IN USA

نویسنده و ترجمه و تحلییل از سید محمودجعفری .مستندات تغییر اقلیم در جهان.سید محمودجعفری     سید محمودگویند همسایگان با کلید ساختگی کیف من با تمام وسایل شخصی در ان ربوده اند و من به مقامات خارجی وداخلی  گزارش کرد م مورخه 28 اگست متوجه شدم.  از اداره کل پست  طلب همکاری 09173141978 تلفن من my,neighbors robbed my,wallete in apt

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هشت سال زندگی دانش اموختن وکار و فعالیت تجربه  کاری در امریکا از ایلات میشیگان تا کنتاکی تا میسوری تا فلوریدا وتا ایلینوز. با توجه به دانش تغییر اقلیم ومستندات ان و حوادث غیر مترقبه و  مسائل جامع شناسی و  بوم شناسی و مشکلات طبقات اجتمای و پیگیری در امر صلح بین المللی به دین لحاظ که مردم امریکا دچار حوادث غیر مترقبه طوفانی و سیل گرفتگی و بی خانمانی شده اند با نام خدا و پیامبران الهی و پیروان پاک انها مبلغ یک بلیون دلار از طرح دعوای اینجانب علیه مشرکان خدا در مبلغ قابل ملاحظای از ان درامریکا است هدیه می نمایم به مال باختگان سیل حوادث 2017 ایلات مورد سیل گرفتگی از جمله تگزاس ولوزیانیا و یا غیره برای غذاهای مناسب , وبیماران اوژانسی طبقات پایین که نیازمند می باشند شایان ذکر است که این مبلغ توسط دادگاه عالی امریکا تحت اختار  نشنال گارد امریکا قرار می گیرد و توسط چند نفر که اسامی ان  ذکر خواهم کرد بزودی جهت درست هزینه کردن در این مطلب خواهد امد با مشخصات.??.
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ONE BILLION $ FOR FOOD IN USA

TO  ,Professor Michael Genovese,political leadership
بسیاری از بدبختی های بشر از این گروها هدایت می گردد.Jun 30, 2017 – Russian hackers discussed obtaining 33,000 emails Hillary Clinton said had been deleted, according to the Wall Street Journal. Photograph:

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I  ,SEYED MAHMOUD JAFARI  never thought United States of America ,
Help , mullahs
And  SHAH  son IN IRAN TO BE
Opposed, to my ideology For democracy and a peace treaty with the United States and
Poison me  and give me Electric shock  me more than (2)  thousand times.I,NEED MY USA PASSPORT

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Here are the worst hurricanes and floods in U.S. history

Bart Jansen, USA TODAY Published 3:36 p.m. ET Aug. 27, 2017 | Updated 5:43 a.m. ET Aug. 28, 2017

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Hurricane Harvey has devastated parts of Texas. A birds-eye view of the damage shows the full impact of the storm. USA TODAY

Katrina, 2005

(Photo: David J. Phillip, AP)

1135 CONNECTTWEETLINKEDIN 2 COMMENTEMAILMORE

Texas and the Gulf Coast are no strangers to killer hurricanes. But flooding sometimes causes more damage than the strong winds, as with the remnants of Hurricane Harvey that are inundating Houston and coastal communities.
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Here is a list of the worst hurricanes to strike the U.S., as compiled by the Weather Channel, including a couple from before the storms got names. Following is a list of the some of the worst floods in U.S. history, some of which were also caused by hurricanes.
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Galveston Hurricane, September 1900

The deadliest hurricane in U.S. history hit Galveston as a Category 4 storm and seas 20 feet above normal. An estimated 8,000 to 12,000 people died, mostly in the Galveston area, and damage was estimated at $30 million.

South Florida Hurricane, September 1928

This large Category 5 storm made landfall near West Palm Beach after already overrunning Puerto Rico. The storm surge caused Lake Okeechobee to overflow, putting the surrounding area under more than 10 feet under water. At least 2,500 drowned, and more than 1,700 homes were destroyed.

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Hurricane Katrina, August 2005

Katrina, a broad Category 3 storm, killed nearly 2,000 people and caused $100 billion in damage, according to the Federal Emergency Management Agency. The surge of ocean water proved as dangerous as the wind. Katrina came ashore near Buras, La., with a storm surge into Mississippi estimated at 28 feet around Waveland and Pass Christian. Water also pushed into Louisiana’s Lake Ponchartrain, where the surging water breached levees to flood 80% of New Orleans.
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Miami Hurricane, September 1926

The storm hit Miami when residents of South Florida were less familiar with hurricanes. The Red Cross estimated 372 people died in the storm, which caused $105 million damage. As the storm passed over Lake Okeechobee, wind blew water to break the Moore Haven dike in several places, where about 150 people drowned.

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These hurricanes caused the highest number of fatalities in U.S. history.

Hurricane Andrew, August 1992

Andrew was a small, but fierce storm, which struck South Florida as a Category 5 storm and then Louisiana as a Category 3 hurricane. Intense winds damaged or destroyed 127,000 homes; damage totaled $26 billion.

Hurricane Camille, August 1969

Camille struck the Mississippi coast with winds that knocked out the measuring equipment and a record storm surge of 24 feet that was later surpassed by Katrina. More than 140 people died along the Gulf Coast, and 113 died in Virginia from flash flooding in the storm’s remnants.
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Labor Day Hurricane, September 1935

The small storm struck the Florida Keys with 185-mph winds and a 20-foot storm surge. The combination killed 408 people, primarily World War I veterans who were working in construction in the area, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.

Superstorm Sandy, October 2012

The massive hurricane and broad wind, with a storm surge across New Jersey and New York, killed 72 people and damaged or destroyed 650,000 homes. The storm caused an estimated $65 billion in damage, flooding streets and subway lines, cutting power around New York City.

Long Island Hurricane, September 1938

The storm’s strong winds and surging water enveloped Fire Island on its way to inundating New England. The storm killed 256 people; damage was estimated at $306 million. Gusts up to 180 mph were measured south of Boston. There was massive destruction across Massachusetts, Rhode Island and Connecticut.

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Hurricane Charley, August 2004

The storm was the strongest to strike Florida since Andrew, sweeping through Punta Gorda and Port Charlotte before crossing the state and striking Myrtle Beach, S.C. Ten deaths and $15 billion in damage were blamed on the storm.

Other flooding:

Johnstown, Pa. May 1889

The South Fork Dam on the Little Conemaugh River collapsed, killing 2,200 people and causing $17 million damage, in the wake of 20 million tons of water, according to the Johnstown Area Heritage Association.

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Mississippi River, April and May 1927

Heavy rains flooded the river from Illinois to Louisiana. At least 246 people died, according to the Red Cross. The flood caused an estimated $100 million in damage as 26,000 square miles went under water across seven states, according to a Congressional Research Service report. The flood sparked the federal construction of the levees and floodways that reduced but didn’t eliminate the threat of flooding.

St. Francis Dam, Calif. March 1928

The 185-foot concrete dam, which fed the Los Angeles aqueduct, collapsed and killed 450 people with 12 billion gallons of water, according to the California Office of Historic Preservation.

Rapid City, S.D. June 1977

Heavy rains over the Black Hills caused flash flooding that killed 238 people and caused $164 million in damage by destroying homes, businesses and bridges in the city, according to the National Weather Service.

Mississippi River, May to October 1993

Months of heavy rain in the Upper Midwest left the river at flood stage in St. Louis for 81 days. Fifty deaths and $15 billion in damage were blamed on flooding, according to the National Weather Service.
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Big Thompson Canyon, Colo. July 1976

Twelve inches of rain in a few hours in this narrow mountain canyon created a flash flood of water 19 feet high that killed about 145 people and caused $40 million in damage, according to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
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More: ‘Worse than worst-case scenario’: Harvey slams Texas with record-breaking rain

More: The scene in Houston: A city under siege from Harvey’s floodwaters

More: Federal government plans years-long recovery effort in states hit by Harvey

 

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HURRICANES: WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOWHurricanes, typhoons, cyclones: What’s the difference? | 0:43Hurricanes, typhoons and cyclones have A LOT in common. USA TODAY

Hurricanes and Climate Change

Definition of a Hurricane

A hurricane is a type of tropical cyclone, which is a general term for a low-pressure system with activity like thunder and lightning that develops in the tropics or subtropics, between about 30 degrees north and 30 degrees south latitude. In the Northern Hemisphere, these storms rotate counter-clockwise. In the Southern Hemisphere, they rotate clockwise. Stronger systems are called “hurricanes” or “typhoons,” depending on where they form. Weaker tropical cyclones might be called “tropical depressions” or “tropical storms.”

It’s unclear whether climate change will increase or decrease the number of hurricanes, but warmer ocean surface temperatures and higher sea levels are expected to intensify their impacts.

Hurricanes are subject to various climate change-related influences. Warmer sea surface temperatures could intensify tropical storms wind speeds, potentially delivering more damage if they make landfall. Based on sophisticated computer modeling, scientists expect a 2-11 percent increase in average maximum wind speed, with more occurrences of the most intense storms. Rainfall rates during these storms are also projected to increase by about 20 percent.

In addition, sea level rise is likely to make future coastal storms, including hurricanes, more damaging. Globally averaged, sea level is expected to rise by 1-4 feet during the next century, which will amplify coastal storm surge. For example, sea level rise intensified the impact of Hurricane Sandy, which caused an estimated $65 billion in damages in New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut in 2012, and much of this damage was related to coastal flooding.
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The connection between climate change and hurricane frequency is less straightforward.

Globally, the number of tropical storms that form each year ranges between 70 and 110, with about 40 to 60 of these storms reaching hurricane strength. But records show large year-to-year changes in the number and intensity of these storms.
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It’s important to note that changes in frequency and intensity vary from basin to basin. In the North Atlantic Basin, the long-term (1966-2009) average number of tropical storms is about 11 annually, with about six becoming hurricanes. More recently (2000-2013), the average is about 16 tropical storms per year, including about eight hurricanes. This increase in frequency is correlated with the rise in North Atlantic sea surface temperatures, which could be partially related to global warming.

One trend analysis published in the journal Nature shows the strongest hurricanes have also increased in intensity over the past two or three decades in the North Atlantic and Indian Oceans. Other areas in the Pacific and Indian Oceans show virtually no significant trends. Other trend analyses that include all hurricanes globally are similarly inconclusive, with upward trends in the North Atlantic and Indian Oceans and no apparent increase in frequency or intensity in other basins.

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For the 21st century, some models project no change or a small reduction in the frequency of hurricanes, while others show an increase in frequency. More recent work shows that there is a trade-off between intensity and frequency – that as warmer oceans bolster hurricane intensity, fewer storms actually form. For the continental United States in the Atlantic Basin, models project a 75 percent increase in the frequency of category 4 and 5 hurricanes despite a possible decrease in the total frequency of all storms.

The tracks of tropical storms near the United States. Tropical storms are shown with red lines and major hurricanes (Category 3 and higher) are yellow. Source: National Hurricane Center. To see the legend, click here

Threats Posed by Hurricanes

The National Hurricane Center categorizes Atlantic hurricanes based on wind speed. A storm with winds exceeding 74 mph is a Category 1 hurricane. Storms with winds stronger than 111 mph are considered “major hurricanes” (Category 3 or higher). Many factors contribute to a hurricane’s impact, including its track, size, storm structure, rainfall amount, duration, and the vulnerability of the area it affects.

Eight of the 10 costliest hurricanes on record in the United States have occurred since 2004. Hurricanes Katrina (2005) and Sandy (2012) were by far the most damaging, costing $125 billion and $65 billion respectively. Hurricanes Andrew (1992) and Ike (2008) cost $27 billion each. Sandy ranks as the second most damaging storm or weather disaster since 1980, even though the storm was no longer a hurricane at landfall.

An important driver of the increased cost of hurricanes is increasing development in coastal areas. U.S. coastal populations grew by nearly 35 million people between 1970 and 2010. Coastal counties account for nearly 40 percent of the total U.S. population. As more development occurs in harm’s way — regardless of climate change — the more likely the damage will grow.

How to Build Resilience

Ways communities can bolster their resilience and reduce the impacts of hurricanes include:

  • Preserving coastal wetlands and dunes to absorb storm surges.
  • Replenishing beaches and improve infrastructure that affords coastal protection, such as seawalls.
  • Elevating vulnerable buildings to reduce flood damage.
  • Designing structures to be resilient to high winds and flying debris.
  • Enacting policies that discourage development in vulnerable areas.
  • Preparing prior to a storm’s arrival by boarding windows, clearing property of potential flying debris, and having an evacuation plan.

.

Tornadoes and Climate Change

Definition of a Tornado

Tornadoes are formed by a combination of atmospheric instability and wind shear. Instability occurs when warm, moist air is wedged under drier, cooler air aloft. This warm air rises, causing the intense updrafts and downdrafts seen in strong thunderstorms — the incubators of tornadoes. Wind shear refers to changes in wind direction and speed at different elevations in the atmosphere. The combination of instability and wind shear forms the rotating column of air that we associate with a tornado. Tornadoes that form over water are known as waterspouts.

The link between tornadoes and climate change is currently unclear. One problem is the difficulty in identifying long-term trends in tornado records, which only date back to 1950 in the United States. Also, the population in many areas affected by tornadoes has grown, so it’s possible that tornadoes in the early part of the 20th century occurred without anyone seeing them. Improved technology, such as advanced radar, also helps us “see” tornadoes that may not have been detected decades ago.

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Another problem lies with the physics associated with tornadoes. Researchers are working to better understand how the building blocks for tornadoes — atmospheric instability and wind shear — will respond to global warming. It is likely that a warmer, moister world would allow for more frequent instability. However, it is also likely that a warmer world would lessen chances for wind shear. Recent trends for these quantities in the Midwest during the spring are inconclusive. Climate change also could shift the timing of tornadoes or the regions that are most likely to be hit, with less of an impact on the total number of tornadoes.
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Adding to the difficulty, tornadoes are too geographically small to be well simulated by climate models. Models can simulate some of the conditions that contribute to forming severe thunderstorms that often spawn tornadoes. Multiple studies (see here and here) find the conditions that produce the most severe thunderstorms are likely to occur more often in a warmer world, even if the total number of thunderstorms decreases (because of fewer weak storms). However, this work does not conclusively tell us whether tornadoes should follow the same trend as their parent thunderstorms.
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Threats posed by tornadoes

The most significant threats from tornadoes are the dangers posed by strong winds and debris that is caught up in those winds. Although individual tornadoes may affect a relatively small area compared to large tropical storms, they can threaten people, homes, and communities.

NOAA estimates that, on average, about 1,200 tornadoes occur across the country annually, but several hundred more or fewer tornadoes can occur in any given year.

On average, tornadoes in the United States cause 70 deaths and 1,500 injuries per year. The death toll from tornadoes has dropped rapidly because forecasters have more tools to detect dangerous weather and quickly warn people to take shelter.
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However, tornadoes still cause billions of dollars a year in property damage. The costliest year on record for tornado damage was 2011, when seven tornado and severe weather outbreaks each caused more than $1 billion in damages, and the total damage for the year was more than $28 billion.

How to Build Resilience

Communities can bolster their resilience and reduce the impacts from tornadoes by:

    • Adopting more stringent building codes in tornado-prone areas
    • Continuing to support new severe weather research and improvements to forecasts for severe weather
    • Heeding watches and warnings when they are issued, and ensuring that individuals can be reached  by emergency alert systems (for example, through text message, television, and radio, or via tornado sirens)

To Learn More

NOAA Severe Weather 101: Tornadoes

NOAA’s Storm Prediction Center FAQ for Tornadoes

Ready.gov’s Resource Page for Tornadoes

Federal Emergency Management Agency: Taking Shelter From the Storm: Building a Safe Room for Your Home or Small Business

سید محمود گوید از تمام دانشگا های ایالتی امریکا و دانشگاها  و محل کار و فعالیت فضای سبز
که در امریکا در سال های 1977 تا 1985 بوده ام  بطور   50 درصد دختر  در پسر  به صلاح است در امر همکاری سیل زده گان با نشنال گارد امریکا همکاری نمایند.

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برچسب‌ها: ربودن کیف پولی با تمام کارتها

+ نوشته شده در  چهارشنبه هشتم شهریور ۱۳۹۶ساعت 15:46  توسط سید محمود جعفری

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